I am JaKePositive...I am a Homosexual...I am a Filipino...I am a Proud Ilonggo... I am HIV + since June 2010... I started my ARV Treatment May 4,2013 since my CD4 dropped to 107... I am here to RAISE AWARENESS... I am here to ENCOURAGE HIV TESTING... I am here to SUPPORT MY BROTHER'S and SISTER'S who are living with HIV... I am an ADVOCATE FOR CHANGE...

Thursday, June 28, 2012



STI Information

STIs or STDs are infections that are transmitted through close bodily contact or the exchange of body fluids such as semen (cum) blood, mucus or saliva. Sexual contact includes penetrative sex, sucking, touching, fingering or kissing/licking the anus or penis. Below you will find information on STI symptoms so you can recognize them early and get tested.

Get Tested Regularly
Sure, good idea, but when, where and how often? STI symptoms are a good indicator that you need to get tested, but not all STIs have obvious symptoms so a regular STI checkup is a good idea.
The more sex partners you have, the more often you should get tested. At least yearly if you have any casual partners and 3-6 monthly if you have a lot. This reduces the chances of having an undiagnosed STI or STD that can harm your own health as well as increase your risk of picking up or passing on HIV.
Some of the places you can get tested are your Doctor, Social Hygiene Clinics, Public/Private Hospitals and Laboratories.

Here are some common STI's:


Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that can infect the mucus lining of the penis, anus or eyes.

Chlamydia is easily transmitted by anal sex, oral sex , rimming or fingering. Touching an infected area and then touching your own penis or anus can pass on the infection.

Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms may appear between 7 and 21 days after infection, but can be mild or in some cases absent. Symptoms can include a discharge from the penis, pain when urinating or pain during sex. If not treated Chlamydia may decrease fertility.

Chlamydia can be detected by a swab collected from the anus or by a urine sample. It is preferable not to piss for an hour before giving the sample.

Chlamydia is easily cured with antibiotics.

If You’re HIV Positive
If diagnosed early, Chlamydia is easily treatable but if left untreated it can also increase the risk of HIV being passed on.

Using condoms is not completely safe for Chlamydia but provides the best protection. Washing your hands with soap and water immediately after sex can also help prevent transmission, especially if having sex with multiple partners.

Gonorrhoea (the clap)

Gonorrhoea is a bacterial infection that lives in the mucus lining of the penis, throat, anus or eyes.

It can be transmitted through giving or receiving oral sex, anal sex, and fingering or fisting. Touching an infected person’s penis and anus, and then touching your own penis, anus or eyes can also transmit gonorrhoea.

Signs and Symptoms
If symptoms are present they will usually develop within 2 to 10 days. Many people who have gonorrhoea will show no symptoms, particularly if they have it in the throat or anus. If the infection is in the anus, the symptoms may include a discharge or pain during bowel movements. If it is in the penis, there may be a clear or yellowish discharge from the dick and stinging or pain when pissing.

Gonorrhoea can be detected by a urethral swab or urine test as well as swabs collected from the anus or throat. It is preferable to hold your bladder for at least one hour prior to having a urine test.

Gonorrhoea is cured with antibiotics, however recent strains are becoming increasingly antibiotic resistant. If gonorrhoea is in the anus or throat there will be no symptoms therefore a follow-up test may be required to ensure the antibiotics are effective. Sexual contact should be avoided for at least a week to ensure the infection has cleared after treatment.

If You’re HIV Positive
If diagnosed early, gonorrhoea is easily treatable, but if left untreated it can increase the risk of HIV being passed on.
Using condoms is not completely safe for gonorrhoea but provides the best protection. Washing your hands with soap and water immediately after sex can also help prevent transmission, especially if having sex with multiple partners.

Hepatitis A, B & C
There are 3 different kinds of Hepatitis each have different symptoms and different treatments.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A is a virus which can cause inflammation of the liver.

It is transmitted through small quantities of infected stool entering a person’s mouth through activities like anal-play, rimming, and by not washing your hands properly after sex with an infected person. It can also be passed on by using eating and drinking utensils previously used by an infected person. People are infectious for around 3 weeks, starting 2 weeks before they develop symptoms to about a week afterwards.

Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms can include a mild flu-like illness, vomiting, abdominal pain and jaundice.

Hepatitis A can be detected by a blood test.

People with Hepatitis A infection should avoid drugs, alcohol, excessively fatty diets, or anything that may affect the liver. If you suspect that you have Hepatitis A you should see your doctor.

If You’re HIV Positive
While Hepatitis A will not seriously impact upon HIV, it may lead to difficulties with compliance with anti-retroviral medication if there is severe nausea and vomiting.

People who get Hepatitis A will recover and develop permanent immunity to the virus.
An effective vaccination against Hepatitis A is available. A combination Hepatitis A & B vaccination is also available. Gamma globulin can also be used to provide immediate protection against Hepatitis A for unimmunised people at high risk of infection. 

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis B is a virus which causes this.

It is transmitted by infected blood or semen entering a person’s bloodstream through activities such as unprotected sex, sharing injecting equipment, toothbrushes or razors, oral sex, tattooing or body piercing with unsterile equipment.

Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms, which if they are present will show up 1-6 months after exposure, may include loss of appetite, tiredness, nausea, yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice) and dark urine.

Hepatitis B can be detected by a blood test.

Most people recover from Hepatitis B. Some retain the virus in their body – there are treatments for these people.

If You’re HIV Positive
Co-infection with both HIV and Hepatitis B may lead to more rapid progression of Hepatitis B to liver cancer. Treatment for Hepatitis B may also be less successful and limited by resistance to some antiviral medications that may already have been used for HIV treatment.

There is an effective Hepatitis B vaccination. A combination Hepatitis A&B vaccination
is also available. 

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis C (HCV) is a virus that causes serious damage to the liver. For some people this can lead to cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver, and eventually liver failure and death after many years.

The virus is spread by blood to blood contact. Most Hepatitis C is transmitted by sharing injecting equipment or other blood contact. Strictly speaking Hep C isn’t considered an STI, however there is now definitive evidence that it is being passed on during sex – and especially during group sex. It can be transmitted when tiny amounts of blood are present on fingers, fists, sex toys or penis which are moved from one anus to the next without being cleaned.

Signs and Symptoms
In the early stages of Hepatitis C, symptoms may be absent and they can take years after the initial infection to show up. If they are present, symptoms may include fatigue, nausea, pain under the ribs, sweating and intolerance of fatty diets.
75% of people infected with Hep C may carry the virus in their blood for life/ 15% of these people may develop cirrhosis of the liver. A small number of people with cirrhosis may develop liver cancer or liver failure.

Hepatitis C can be detected by a blood test.

Maintaining a healthy diet, reducing alcohol intake and cutting down on smoking can improve the body’s ability to cope with Hepatitis C.

If You’re HIV Positive
Co-infection with Hepatitis C and HIV is not uncommon, though many who are co-infected are unaware of it. Co-infection is dangerous because it can speed up the progress of both infections and make both more difficult to treat.

People who inject drugs and share equipment are at a high risk of contracting Hepatitis C. Wash hands, penis, sex toys and change condoms and gloves when moving from anus to another during group sex.  

Herpes (HSV)

There are two types of HSV:
Type 1 is usually found around the mouth and is commonly known as a cold sore
Type 2 is usually found around the penis and anus areas and is commonly known as genital herpes

Herpes can be passed on both sexually and non-sexually during skin to skin contact, by direct contact with a sore on the mouth, penis and anus, and can also be transmitted where there are no obvious symptoms present.

Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms may not always be present, but can include:
Itching or tingling feeling around the infected area
An outbreak of painful blisters or sores which later form scabs
Flu-like symptoms may be present

A physical examination of the affected area can detect a herpes outbreak.

There is no cure, but there are treatments that can reduce symptoms and speed up recovery. The possibility of repeated outbreaks varies from person to person, but outbreaks may become less frequent and over time may stop all together.

If You’re HIV Positive
Outbreaks of HSV can be more sever and last longer for those with HIV. HIV viral loads can peak during outbreaks and increase transmission risk to partners of both HSV and HIV.

Condoms can reduce the risk of transmission.
There is strong evidence that taking anti-HSV medications greatly reduces the risk of passing herpes on to partners.


HIV is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus that causes failure of part of the immune system. The immune system is important because it defends the body from infection and disease. HIV infects and destroys key cells in the body. It particularly targets a cell called CD4 (also known as a T4 cell, or T-helper cell). CD4 cells are an essential component of the immune system which it is important in protecting the body against infection and disease.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) refers to a range of specific illness that people with HIV may get when their immune system is badly damaged. These illnesses include infections and cancers.
The presence of HIV in the body is not an AIDS diagnosis. Having HIV in your body does not mean you have AIDS. It is possible to have HIV for many years but show no symptoms that define AIDS.

HIV is only infectious in blood, semen (pre-cum), vaginal fluids, and breast milk. A person can only become infected with HIV if one of these bodily fluids containing HIV gets into their body and passes into their bloodstream. For gay men, the main ways in which this occurs is through unprotected anal sex (fucking and being fucked without a condom) or sharing injecting equipment during drug use. For HIV positive men the presence of other STIs increases the levels of HIV in semen, and therefore increases the risk of HIV transmission. Similarly, HIV may be present in genital ulcers caused by other STIs at levels high enough for HIV transmission to occur. For HIV negative men having another STI can cause inflammation in the site of infection or ulcers, which increase the chance of picking up HIV.

Signs and Symptoms
HIV seroconversion is the term used to describe the process when someone goes from being HIV negative to being HIV positive. This usually happens within 3 months of infection.
Some people show no signs of HIV infection. Others experience seroconversion illness which can include flu-like symptoms, fever, rashes, a sore throat and swollen glands.  Some people who experience a late diagnosies may go on to develop an AIDS defining illness.  

The Test for HIV is an antibody test. Antibodies are the immune system’s response to infection. It takes on average 3 months for the body to produce antibodies. So if an antibody test is done during this window period it is likely to show up negative. There’s the Rapid HIV Test (it’s like a Pregnancy Kit Test) wherein with just a drop of your blood and a reagent will reveal your HIV result in 20-30mins. The standard test to detect HIV antibodies in the blood is the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The Result of The Rapid HIV Test and The ELISA Test if reveals a Reactive (Positive) result should be tested again and confirmed by a Western Blot test.

There is no vaccine or cure for HIV, but there are numerous HIV treatment options available. Treatment for HIV is currently provided by highly active anti-viral therapy (HAART). These medications attack the virus at different points and stages in its life-cycle. It inhibits the cell replication of the HIV Virus giving your Immune system time also to replicate again.

When used correctly condoms are by far the most effective way to prevent HIV being picked up or passed on.
For HIV negative men, giving oral sex is considered low risk. Having cuts or sores in your mouth, having an STI in your throat or having had recent dental work increases the risk. During these times, using a condom, avoiding getting semen in your mouth, or avoiding oral sex altogether will lower the risk.
For HIV positive guys, having an STI will increase the chances of passing on HIV when receiving oral sex (when someone sucks you). Getting tested regularly and not ejaculating on your partner’s mouth will reduce this risk. 

HPV (Warts)

HPV is the virus that can cause warts on the penis, anus or surrounding areas. HPV is very common with more than 75% of sexually active people getting the infection, usually between the ages of 18-25. Only about 10% of people who get HPV infection actually get warts. The rest usually don’t know they have it.

Warts are passed on by any skin to skin contact with an infected person.

Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms include small bumpy warts around the penis, scrotum, anus, or discomfort when going to the toilet if the inside of the anus is infected, but they can also be painless. There may be no symptoms at all.
If symptoms are present they will generally appear 2-3 months after being infected, but can take much longer. Outbreaks of warts can then appear periodically.

A physical examination of the infected area is all that is needed to detect warts.

There is currently no cure for genital or anal warts, but a doctor can remove the warts by freezing, burning using laser, or by applying liquid wart-paint or creams. Warts can recur and treatment sometimes requires several visits.

If you’re HIV Positive
Outbreaks of warts can be more severe and harder to treat in HIV positive men. Some types of genital wart virus have been linked to a greater risk of anal cancer. This risk appears even greater for HIV positive men.

Condoms can reduce the risk of transmission but do not always cover the infected area. The warts may be present on the scrotum or anal area.
A HPV vaccine is available.

Molloscum Contagiosum

Molloscum Contagiosum (MC) is a virus that causes pimple like lumps on the body

MC is transferred by direct skin-to-skin contact with someone who the infection. It can be transmitted through sexual and non-sexual contact.

Signs and Symptoms
If symptoms are present they will usually appear within 2-7 weeks after contact with someone who has the virus.

It is detected by careful examination of the skin.

MC is easily treated by freezing the lumps off the body. Alternatively the core of the lump, which contains the virus, can be extracted with a fine needle. The virus stays in the skin for life.

There are no specific means to prevent you picking up MC, however getting treated quickly will reduce the chances of passing it on and will reduce the amount of MC in the community.

Pubic Lice (crabs)

Crabs, or Pubic Lice, are small parasites that grip onto the hair in the genital area.

They are  most commonly passed on by close body contact with someone who has crabs.
As crabs and their eggs can survive for some time away from the body, it is also possible to catch them by sharing towels, clothes or someone else’s bed.

Signs and Symptoms
The most common symptom of pubic lice is itching in the pubic hair. Close inspection should reveal tiny lice clinging to the hair. There may also be nits (eggs) attached to the hair shaft. Crabs can also be found in beards, armpits, on chest hair and on the eyelashes.
They usually show up from 3 days to several weeks.

An external physical examination will show the presence of crabs

Crabs are easily cured by using appropriate genital lice shampoos and creams available over the counter at pharmacies. Shaving the pubic area will not get rid of crabs.
All bed-linen, clothes, towels and underwear should be washed in a hot soapy wash. Sexual partners and anyone in close physical contact should also be treated to avoid re-infection.
It is also advisable to repeat the treatment after several days.


Scabies are tiny  mites (smaller than crabs) that burrow under the skin to lay eggs.

Scabies are passed on through skin-to-skin contact, both sexual and non-sexual.

Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms are usually noticed within four weeks.
The most common symptom is intense itching which is caused when the mites burrow under the skin. The burrowing causes fine red marks on the skin. The mites like warm areas of skin, such as the groin or armpits. They are also found in the spaces between the fingers and toes. Itching is usually worse while warm, like when in bed.

Scabies are detected by examining itchy area under a bright light.

Scabies are cured by using the appropriate scabies lotions available at pharmacies. All bed linen, towels, and underwear that has come in contact with the infected area should be washed in a hot soapy wash. Sexual partners and anyone in close physical contact should also be treated to avoid reinfection. It is also advisable to repeat the treatment after 7 to 10 days.

If You’re HIV Positive
Severe immunosuppression can lead to difficulty eradicating scabies but otherwise people with HIV are not affected differently to others.

There are no specific means to prevent you picking up scabies, however getting them treated quickly will reduce the risk of transmission to others and will lessen the among of scabies in the community.


Syphilis is a bacterial infection that infects the penis,  throat or anus and then spreads to different parts of the body through the bloodstream. If left untreated syphilis can cause damage to the nerves, bones, skin, eyes and brain.

Syphilis is usually caught by touching sores and rashes of someone with the infection during sex and including giving or receiving oral sex, or anal play. Someone can pass on syphilis for up to two years after they become infected – even if they have no symptoms. When there are no symptoms, the infection can be passed on through contact with infected body fluids like semen.

Signs and Symptoms
Some people never develop symptoms and in others it’s easy for the early symptoms to go unnoticed. Syphilis has infectious and non-infectious stages.
Infectious Stage: Syphilis can produce a painless sore on the peins, in the anus or in the mouth 10 – 90 days after infection. The sore usually turns into a scab and heals after two to six weeks but the infection remains. Only areas covered by condoms, gloves or dental dams are protected from infection.
7 to 10 weeks after infection some people develop a rash on the torso (body), hands or feet. Symptoms may also include fever, swollen lymph glands, sore throat, patchy hair loss, headaches, muscle aches, and fatigue. The symptoms lay last up to a few months and then disappear.
Non-infectious Syphilis: If left untreated, syphilis remains in the body. It stops being infectious to sexual partners after about 2 years. During the non-infectious stage syphilis may begin to damage the body’s internal organs, which may include the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, liver, heart bones, joints and blood vessels. In some people this damage may not show up for many years. Damage to the internal organs can occur after 10 -25 years and may be serious enough to cause death.

If a sore (called a chancre) is present, a swab can be used to test, however the usual test for syphilis is a blood test. It can take up to  3 months after exposure for the infection to show up in the blood test. Once someone has been infected with syphilis most future blood tests will show up as positive – even if they have been successfully treated. A particular test is used to identify a new infection – as well as to see if treatment has worked.

Syphilis is treated with injections of antibiotics. The duration of treatment depends on the stage of the infection and ranges from between 1 and 30 days. Treatment is often provided if you have had contact with someone who has had syphilis to prevent it developing in you.

If You’re HIV Positive
Syphilis is harder to detect and harder to treat in people with HIV. It is a serious infection that can be mistaken for other infections found in people living with HIV. While the symptoms of syphilis are usually similar, some HIV positive men develop severe organ and nerve damage much more rapidly than HIV negative men. For some syphilis can decrease the CD4 count (therefore causing damage to the immune system) as well as increase the viral load.
Having syphilis increases the risk of HIV transmission.

Avoid contact with any sores or rashes. Safe sex, for HIV, is not completely safe for syphilis, but provides the best protection.

Thrush (Candidiasis)

Description Thrush (also known as Candidiasis) is an infection caused by a yeast called Candida Albicans.

It is normal to have small amounts of this yeast in the genital area, but a range of factors can cause the yeast to overgrow. These factors can include recent antibiotics, soaps and detergents, and tight clothing that promotes excessive sweating.

Signs and Symptoms
Thrush can appear in the mouth, or on your dick and sometimes in your anus. It is not an STI but it is something related to sex.
Symptoms include redness, rash or itching on the part of the body infected. Thrush is more likely to occur if you are HIV positive.

Thrush is diagnosed by a simple genital examination, but can be confirmed by a swab collected from the infected area.

Thrush is treated with anti-fungal creams or tablets.

If You’re HIV Positive
Thrush on the penis, scrotum, anus and throat are more common and more severe for people with HIV. Some oral anti-fungal treatments can interact badly with HIV meds, so always check with your HIV doctor before taking them.

To avoid recurrences uncircumcised men should wash (with water only) and dry under their foreskin daily. It may also help to wear light cotton underwear and avoid tight restrictive clothing.



Again, this is JaKePositive. BE SAFE! +)

 SOURCE: http://www.getiton.co.nz/sti-info/

Sunday, June 24, 2012

2 Years and Counting . .

It's been 2 years now since I got diagnosed HIV+. 
A lot has changed.
My attitude towards life.I am on HIGH DOSE of OPTIMISM.
I VALUE more my FAMILY and FRIENDS now.
I ENJOY every second of my LIFE. EVERY DROP is an hour full of PRECIOUS MEMORIES.
I have been thankful for what GOD gave me. A Lifelong Mission and Purpose.
I realized that everything happens for a reason and we change for the best.
I am still amazed and thankful that I was able to survive those 2 years.

I am still NOT on AntiRetroViral Medication Since my last CD4 Result was 570 last October 25, 2011.

Lat month was my Due Date of my CD4 Test but the CD4 Machine had some technical problems so I waited. Good thing this month they were able to fix it and so anytime this month I'll have my schedule for the test.
My Treatment Plan as of the moment is more on Prophylaxis Treatment.
I have my Flu Vaccine Every Year. Pneumonia Vaccine Every 5 Years. And I just Finished my Anti-TB Prophylaxis (Isoniazid), took it for 9months.
I also take regular Multivitamins and also a Ascorbic Acid 1gram.
I eat a lot and really have no preference with food, I can eat almost everything edible. And I still do gain weight, it's better than loosing weight.
I do have regular check-up with my doctor or whenever I feel something strange that is happening to my body I do inform my doctor right away.

I'm felt a lot of strange things happening to my body lately. I have Allergies of unknown origin and so I guess I need to take another Skin Test for Allergies.
Also I do have these "Chicken-Skin Rashes on both of my arms and also on my Nape. It's not really that noticeable but once you take a closer look you would surely notice it.
My doctor requested SKIN SCRAPING KOH to check if there is any Fungal growth but results came NEGATIVE.

What do I do to maintain a good CD4?

HEALTHY LIVING -----> Yes, kind of...

EXERCISE-----> Before I do love to jog but the weather has been very unpredictable. So as of now I just do Brisk walking every now and then. I love long walks.

ENOUGH SLEEP (8-10 Hours) ------> I am a nocturnal person. I don't sleep not until it's past 12mn. Usually I sleep around 1am-3am. But  I wake up at lunch time so it's quite compensated. I am currently unemployed but anytime next month I'm going to have a new job.

EAT HEALTHY FOODS-----> I don't have any preference with food. Anything edible, I eat.

POSITIVITY---> I am Optimistic with life. I am a Happy person. and I avoid Stress when I sense it. LOL

Again this is JaKePositive. BE SAFE! +)

Friday, June 22, 2012




The reason why sexual activity is a risk for HIV transmission is because it allows for the exchange of body fluids. Researchers have consistently found that HIV can be transmitted via blood, semen and vaginal secretions. However, researchers have also confirmed that some sexual practices are associated with a higher risk of HIV transmission than others.

Everybody-regardless of their HIV status-should enjoy sex to the fullest. Though the facts about HIV transmission are the same for HIV positive and HIV negative men and women, even the tiniest bit of misunderstanding about how HIV is (and isn't) spread can lead to a lot of confusion when it comes to making important decisions about safer sex.

Risk of HIV transmission associated with different types of sexual activities:

Vaginal Intercourse

Unprotected vaginal intercourse is the most common mode of HIV infection worldwide. In the United States and many other developed nations, it is the second most common mode of sexual HIV transmission (after anal intercourse among men who have sex with men).

Studies have consistently found that HIV-positive men are much more likely to transmit the virus to HIV-negative women through vaginal intercourse than HIV-positive women are to HIV-negative men. Women have a much larger surface area of mucosal tissue than men. Mucosal tissue lining the vagina and cervix can chafe easily and are rich in immune system cells that can be infected by HIV. For men, HIV must enter through a cut or abrasion on the penis, or through the lining of the urethra inside the penis.

There has been some research suggesting that men who are uncircumcised have a higher risk of becoming infected with HIV or transmitting the virus. However, it is important to stress that men who are circumcised can still be infected (or transmit the virus) if condoms are not used for vaginal sex.

Men or women who have ulcerative sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as genital herpes or syphilis, are more likely to spread the virus if they are HIV positive, or to become infected with the virus if they are HIV negative.

To reduce the risk:
  • Correctly and consistently use CONDOMS every time you have vaginal intercourse with a partner who is positive or whose HIV status you do not know.
  • Use a water-based or silicone-based lubricant with your condom. Lube keeps condoms gliding smoothly, reducing the risk of rips and tears. Lubrication also helps protect the vaginal wall from rips and tears, which can increase the risk of transmission.
  • Don't douche before engaging in vaginal intercourse. This can destroy the healthy bacteria in the mucosal lining of the vagina and can eliminate the vagina's natural lubrication.
  • Don't engage in unprotected vaginal intercourse during menstruation.

Anal Intercourse

Whether you're male or female, being the receptive partner—the "bottom"—during unprotected anal intercourse is linked to a high risk of HIV infection. The reason for this is that HIV-infected semen—and this includes pre-ejaculate (pre-cum)—can come into contact with mucosal tissues in the anus, which are easily damaged during anal intercourse.

Is the insertive partner (the "top") also at risk for contracting HIV during unprotected anal intercourse? While studies haven't proven it, we do know that men can be infected with HIV through vaginal intercourse—an activity in which they are the insertive partner.

To reduce the risk:

  • Correctly and consistently use CONDOMS every time you have anal intercourse with a partner who is positive or whose HIV status you do not know.
  • Use a water-based or silicone-based lubricant with your condom. Lube keeps condoms gliding smoothly, reducing the risk of rips and tears. Lubrication also helps protect the paper-thin anal wall from rips and tears, which can increase the risk of transmission.
  • Don't douche before engaging in anal intercourse. This can destroy the healthy bacteria in the anus and eliminate natural lubrication.

Oral-Penile Sex

Of the different sex acts, the one that often causes the greatest amount of confusion in terms of risk—and raises the greatest number of questions—is oral-penile. The fact is, most experts agree that fellatio, often referred to as "blow jobs," is not an efficient route of HIV transmission. However, this does not mean that it can't happen.

Because unprotected fellatio can mean that body fluids from one person can (and do) come into contact with the mucosal tissues or open cuts, sores or breaks in the skin of another person, there is a "theoretical risk" of HIV transmission. "Theoretical risk" means that passing an infection from one person to another is considered possible, even though there haven't been any (or have only been a few) documented cases. This term is used to differentiate from documented risks. Being the receptive partner during unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse with an HIV-positive person is a documented risk, as has been proven with numerous studies and case examples. Unprotected oral sex is a theoretical risk, as it is considered possible, but has never been shown to be an independent risk factor for HIV infection.

There have been three case reports and a few studies suggesting that some people have been infected with HIV as a result of unprotected oral sex. However, these case reports and studies all involved men who were the receptive partners (the person doing the "sucking") during unprotected oral sex with another HIV-positive man. There haven't been any case reports or studies documenting HIV infection among female receptive partners during unprotected oral sex. Even more importantly, there hasn't been a single documented case of HIV transmission to an insertive partner (the person being "sucked") during unprotected oral sex, either among MSM, or heterosexuals.

Is insertive oral sex a possible route of HIV transmission? Yes. But is it a documented risk? No.

To reduce the risk:
  • Don't get cum in your mouth. Also consider using an unlubricated (possibly flavored) condom every time you have oral sex with a partner who is positive or whose HIV status you do not know.
  • Avoid brushing or flossing your teeth immediately before oral sex. This reduces the risk of cuts, tears or abrasions in the mouth that can serve as an entry way for HIV.

Oral-Vaginal Sex

Evaluating the risk of unprotected oral-vaginal sex (cunnilingus) is difficult, given that most people surveyed in studies did not avoid other types of unsafe sexual activity. However, there has been one case of female-to-female transmission of HIV via cunnilingus and another of female-to-male transmission of HIV via cunnilingus. Both of these cases involved transmission from the partner receiving oral sex to the partner performing oral sex. There haven't been any documented cases of HIV transmission from the insertive partner to the receptive partner.

To reduce the risk:
  • Use a latex barrier—such as a natural rubber latex sheet, a dental dam or a cut-open condom that makes a square—between your mouth and the vagina. A latex barrier reduces the risk of blood or vaginal fluids entering your mouth. Plastic food wrap also can be used as a barrier.

Oral-Anal Sex

Oral-anal sex is often referred to as analingus. Analingus, or "rimming," is not considered to be an independent risk factor for HIV. However, it has been shown to be a route of transmission for hepatitis A and B, as well as parasitic infections like giardiasis and amebiasis.

To reduce the risk:
  • Use a latex barrier—such as a natural rubber latex sheet, a dental dam or a cut-open condom that makes a square—between your mouth and the anus. A latex barrier reduces the risk of blood or anal fluids entering your mouth. Plastic food wrap also can be used as a barrier.

Digital-Anal or Digital-Vaginal Sex

Digital-anal or digital-vaginal sex is the clinical term for "fingering" either the anus or the female genitals (including the vagina). While it is theoretically possible that someone who has an open cut or fresh abrasion on his or her finger or hand can be infected with HIV if coming into contact with blood in the anus or vagina or vaginal secretions, there has never been a documented case of HIV transmission via fingering.

There are a few basic facts to consider:
  • Abstinence is the only 100-percent way to avoid HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
  • If you have a partner who has tested negative for HIV, does not inject drugs and is having sexual contact only with you, there is minimal risk of being infected with the virus.
  • Being infected with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) can increase an HIV-positive person's chance of transmitting HIV, just as it can increase an HIV-negative person's chance of acquiring HIV.
  • An HIV-positive person with a detectable viral load is more infectious-more likely to transmit the virus to somebody else-that an HIV-positive person who is receiving antiretroviral treatment and has an undetectable viral load.
  • Safer sex practices, including correct and consistent use of condoms for vaginal or anal sex, can reduce the spread of HIV and other STIs.
  • Getting intoxicated or high on drugs, including alcohol, can impair judgment and cause people to forget to take care of themselves-or their sexual partners.
  • Safer sex is not just about vaginal, anal or oral intercourse. Masturbation (alone or with someone else), body rubbing, erotic massage and kissing-they're all fun, no-risk activities.

Again this is JaKePositive. BE SAFE! +)

SOURCE: www.poz.com

Tuesday, June 19, 2012


A CONDOM is a barrier device most commonly used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy and spreading sexually transmitted diseases (STDs—such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV).


MALE CONDOM                                   FEMALE CONDOM


  • Condoms don't work very well. [False statement]
If used consistently and correctly, condoms are effective in preventing the transmission of STIs including HIV.

  • The male condom can come off and get lost inside. [False statement]
If put on correctly, a male condom is very unlikely to come off. Even if it does, it can be removed with the fingers, it can not 'get lost'.

  • Most condoms are too small. [False statement]
The latex used to make condoms is very flexible and can stretch to several times the size of even the biggest penis!

  • Using two condoms at the same time offers greater protection. [False statement]
Using two condoms at the same time creates greater friction during sex, which may result in the condoms breaking or slipping off. Only one condom should be used at a time.

  • The HIV Virus is so small that it can pass through the condom. [False statement]
Tests have shown that neither semen nor HIV can pass through the material used in making condoms.


Male Condom

1. Open the package carefully.
  • avoid tearing the condom with rings or fingernails.
  • check expiry date on the package.
2. Put on the condom when the penis is erect. If uncircumcised, pull the foreskin back before putting on the condom.

3. Squeeze the tip of the condom to leave a little space for the semen during ejaculation. While squeezing the tip of the condom, place the rolled condom at the end of the penis. Put the condom on before any genital contact with partner.

Step 3 

4. After ejaculation, hold the rim of the condom tightly against the penis and while it is still erect, take iit out of the vagina.

5. Slide the condom off the penis without spilling the semen inside. Tie a knot at the rim end of the condom.

6. Wrap the condom with a tissue paper and carefully dispose it.

Female Condom

1. Open the female condom package carefully; tear at the notch on the top right of the package. Do not use scissors or a knife to open.

2. The outer ring of the female condom covers the area around the opening of the vagina. The inner ring is used for insertion and to help hold the sheath in place during intercourse.

3. While holding the sheath at the closed end, grasp the flexible inner ring and squeeze it with the thumb and second or middle finger so it becomes long and narrow.

 4. Choose a position that is comfortable for insertion; squat, raise one leg, sit or lie down.

 5. Gently insert the inner ring of the Female Condom into the vagina. Feel the inner ring go up and move into place.

 6. Place, the index finger on the inside of the condom, and push the inner ring up as far as it will go. Be sure the sheath is not twisted. The outer ring should remain on the outside of the vagina.

 7. The female condom is now in place and ready for use with your partner.


 8. When you are ready, gently guide your partner's penis into the sheath's opening with your hand to make sure that it enters properly; be sure that the penis is not entering on the side, between the sheath and the vaginal wall.


9. To remove the female condom, twist the outer ring and gently pull the condom out.

 10. Wrap the condom in the package or in tissue, and throw it in the garbage. Do not put it into the toilet.


Warning - Never use a Male Condom and Female Condom together. The friction caused may cause both condoms to break!


Tips on Condom Care

1. Store condoms away from excessive heat, light, and moisture.

2. Choose pre-lubricated condoms that come in wrappers and are packaged in a way that protect them from light.

3. Do not use lubricants made with oil. Most oils damage condoms. Instead use water based lubricants.

4. Do not use condoms with torn or damaged packaging. 

5. Don't use condoms that are expired, brittle, dried out or very sticky.


and remember...




Again this is JaKePositive. BE SAFE! +)



Yesterday I got a text from a client who is still in the process  of retrieving his Confirmatory Result. Apart from that he got shocked because unexpectedly a friend whom he trust just told his friend who is a Doctor about his HIV status thinking that this person could really help out this client of mine.

Well I know that friends and family members are really there to help but this kind of situation is very sensitive. Your friend, trusted you that's why he told you his HIV status. And he expects you to keep it a secret. 

About disclosure, it still depends on the person whenever he is ready to disclose his status. It takes time though and what scares us  is that how will that person react if he knows about your HIV Status. As a friend or family member you should learn how to be sensitive and empathize with that person. But then again Acceptance is a process and you can never tell what their reaction could be. Others were thrown from their homes and left to sleep on the streets, others were threatened and experienced physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual turmoil. And there are also fortunate individuals who were accepted regardless of their HIV Status.


YES we have an HIV and AIDS Law


But let me just focus on....

Article VI: Confidentiality
  • Section 30: Medical Confidentiality
    •  All health professionals, medical instructors, workers, employers, recruitment agencies, insurance companies, data encoders, and other custodians of any  medical records, file, data or  test results to observe strict confidentiality particularly the identity and status of persons with HIV.
  • SEC. 33. Penalties for Violation of Confidentiality
    • Any violation of medical confidentiality as provided in Sections 30 and Section 32 of this
      Act shall suffer the penalty of imprisonment for six (6) months to four (4)
      years, without prejudice to administrative sanctions such as fines and
      suspension or revocation of the violator’s license to practice his/her
      profession, as well as the cancellation or withdrawal of the license to
      operate any business entity and the accreditation of hospitals,
      laboratories and clinics.
  • Section 34: Disclosure to Sexual Partners 
    •  Any person with HIV is obliged to disclose his/her HIV status and health condition to his/her spouse or sexual partner at the earliest opportune time.
  • Penalties

    • Misleading information / advertising2 months to 2 years imprisonment
    • Knowingly & negligently infecting others in the practice of one’s profession
      6-12 years imprisonment, fines, suspension or revocation of license/accreditation
    • Violations on medical confidentiality
      6 months to 4 years imprisonment, fines, suspension or revocation of license/accreditation
    • Discriminatory acts & policies
      6 months to 4 years imprisonment, fines of not over P10,000, revocation of license/permits

This year the current Philippine AIDS Law (R.A. 8504) is being amended. It's more inclusive. It aims to protect the rights of people both infected and affected with HIV and  the Commission on Human Rights, Department of Justice, and United Nations has put up a redress mechanism to address discriminatory acts towards PLHIV.

Let me give you a sneak preview on the new amendment.


 “The National Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support Policy and Plan Act of 2011”
Section 8. Confidentiality.
The State shall guarantee the confidentiality and privacy of
any individual who has been tested for HIV, has been exposed to HIV, has HIV infection or
HIV and AIDS-related illnesses, or has been treated for HIV-related illnesses.

A. Confidential HIV and AIDS information - Unless otherwise provided in Section 8 (C) of this Act, it shall be unlawful to disclose, without written consent, information that a person:
i.  had an HIV-related test;
ii.  has HIV infection, HIV-related illnesses, or AIDS; or
iii. has been exposed to HIV.

The prohibition shall apply to any person, natural or juridical, whose work or
function involves the implementation of this Act or the delivery of HIV-related
services, including those who handle or has access to personal data or information
in the workplace, and who, pursuant to the receipt of the required written consent
from the subject of confidential HIV and AIDS information and has subsequently
been granted access to the same confidential information, shall keep its

Any media establishment is likewise prohibited from disclosing, without prior written
consent of their subject, any confidential HIV and AIDS information. 

D. Disclosure to sexual partners. - Any person who tested positive for HIV is obliged to
disclose his or her status and health condition to his or her spouse or sexual partner
prior to engaging in penetrative sex or any potential exposure to HIV. A person
living with HIV may opt to ask help from medical professionals, health workers, or
peer educators to disclose to his or her partner about his or her condition.

E. Civil liability. - Any person who has obtained knowledge of confidential HIV and
AIDS information and has used such information to malign or cause damage, injury,
or loss to another person may face liability under Articles 19, 20, 21, and 26 of the
Civil Code. 

Better be aware of this. Know your Rights.

Again this is JaKePositive. BE SAFE! +)

Monday, June 18, 2012


I like this poster.
It Speaks for itself.

I hear a lot of People complaining......

why is HIV fast spreading?

why is there not enough action in preventing HIV?

what is the government doing to prevent the spread of HIV?

and so on .........

Let me return the question to you........

What have YOU done as a citizen to prevent the spread of HIV?

We all have a Responsibility in putting an end to this Crisis.
Education is the most cheapest form of raising awareness to the public. 

If we have the knowledge then we share it to people that we know who needs it or correct other people who has wrong misconceptions of HIV.
If we don't have the knowledge then approach somebody you know who has the knowledge and don't be hesitant to ask questions that seem confusing to you.

Be informed of the right facts because this is the most powerful weapon that we could use against the Virus.
Be Responsible, you are always held liable to your actions and everything that we do always has a Consequence, so before doing it, THINK THINK THINK.

There are also people out there who are advocates but they themselves don't put those words into actions. Yes, it's you! "BATO-BATO SA LANGIT ANG TAMAAN WAG MAGALIT". Please be consistent in what you are doing. This ADVOCACY is not a joke...People die....Therefore we should strive to work hard to accomplish our GOALS.



Again this is JakePositive. BE SAFE! +)

Sunday, June 17, 2012


Today is Father's Day.


My Dad has been with me through thick and thin. With him I always feel the Strength, Security & Unconditional Love.


I was newly diagnosed with HIV.
Was into Depression
Was Uncertain about Everything
Got Thrown away from my Uncles house
Got Criticized by other relatives

Tatay was with me when I was transferred to an apartment in San Andres, Manila. I really felt alone at that time because my uncle decided not to let me stay in their house due to some UNKNOWN reasons. I felt very sad because at that time I thought the world  was against me and all. But Tatay stayed with me in my apartment. Ate with me, go strolling in the mall with me, watch a movie with me, etc... I was grateful that I did have a father  like him because I couldn't imagine a life without him by my side. He didn't ask me why it happened but instead he showed me (even though he doesn't express it) that everything is gonna be OK.

I hope all the Father's out there would be like my Father.


Again this is JaKePositive. BE SAFE! +) 

AIDS right away? Can't we call it HIV first?

Filipino's are fond of making jokes out of almost everything. So the picture above shows a typical Filipino joke widely used today.

As of the moment I still hear a lot of people who use HIV and AIDS interchangeably without knowing the real status of the PLHIV.

So we're back to  HIV 101

HIV and AIDS Definition

what is AIDS? 

AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is a condition caused by a virus called HIV. This virus attacks the immune system, the body's "security force" that fights off infections. When the immune system breaks down, you lose this protection and can develop many serious, often deadly infections and cancers. These are called "opportunistic infections (OIs)" because they take advantage of the body's weakened defenses. You have heard it said that someone "died of AIDS." This is not entirely accurate, since it is the opportunistic infections that cause death. AIDS is the condition that lets the OIs take hold.

what is HIV? 
HIV is a virus, like the flu or cold. A virus is really nothing but a set of instructions for making new viruses, wrapped up in some fat, protein and sugar. Without living cells, a virus can't do anything—it's like a brain with no body. In order to make more viruses (and to do all of the other nasty things that viruses do), a virus has to infect a cell. HIV mostly infects CD4 cells, also known as T cells, or T-helper cells. These are white blood cells that coordinate the immune system to fight disease, much like the quarterback of a football team. Once inside the cell, HIV starts producing millions of little viruses, which eventually kill the cell and then go out to infect other cells.


ALL PLHIV who are in AIDS Condition are HIV+, But not all HIV+ are in the AIDS Condition.




What is HIV?

What is AIDS?


Again this is JaKePositive. BE SAFE! +)

SOURCE: http://www.aidsmeds.com/articles/WhatIsAIDS_4994.shtml



HIV Anonymous is a fellowship of men and women that offers support to people living with, affected by, or at risk for HIV/AIDS. There are no dues or fees for HA membership; we are self-supporting through our own contributions.

There are no strings attached to HA. We are not affiliated with any other organizations. We have no initiation fees or dues, no pledges to sign, no promises to make to anyone. We are not connected with any political, religious, or law enforcement groups, and are under no surveillance at any time. Anyone may join us regardless of age, race, sexual orientation, gender identity, creed, religion, or lack of religion.

Our primary purpose is to provide a safe environment where members can share their experience, strength and hope with each other in dealing with the effects that HIV has on their lives. In this fellowship, recovery and healing from the devastating effects of an HIV diagnosis can take place. We believe that no HIV positive person should have to deal with this diagnosis alone, in loneliness and isolation. The new comer is the most important person at any meeting, because we can only keep what we have by giving it away.


We are not here to change you. We are not here to segregate or impose a particular belief system upon you. However, if you want fellowship with other people who are living in balance and harmony with HIV and AIDS, or maybe you feel remorse that you have transmitted HIV to another person, or if you are concerned that your behavior could spread HIV. If you share these feelings, then HIV Anonymous is for you.

HA is a fellowship, inclusive of all sexual orientations and gender identity, open to anyone who is affected by HIV. We are a fellowship who meets regularly to help each other deal and cope with the effects of HIV and AIDS on our lives. We are not a group therapy, but a spiritual program that provides a safe environment for working on spiritual, mental and emotional healing from the devastating effects of HIV.

If you want what we have to offer, and are willing to take certain steps, we at HIV Anonymous share a few common goals:

1. We take care of ourselves spiritually, physically, mentally, and emotionally.

2. We abstain from high-risk behavior.

3. We accept people as they are and believe that harm reduction is a step in the right direction.

4. We try to carry this message of hope to others.

Our program is one of suggestions -- not of rules. Each member is invited to "take what you like and leave the rest." This means that you are free to use any tools and suggestions from HA that work best for you.

HA is a spiritual program not affiliated with any religious organization. Reference is made in the steps and in meetings to God or a Higher Power. All individuals define this concept for themselves. Many people who speak of a Higher Power simply mean "some power greater than themselves." For example, this power might be the collective experience of the fellowship or meetings. Those of us who came to the program with religious beliefs have found that the twelve steps do not interfere with those beliefs.

There are no requirements for admission to our meetings: anyone who is affected by HIV is welcome.

This Program originated in Manila. I was able to attend one of the HIV Anonymous Program of THE NO DAY BUT TODAY PROJECT by JAKE LOPEZ and I was very interested to bring it here in Iloilo City. This kind of Program would really help our newly diagnosed People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Psychologically, Emotionally, Spiritually and Physically. This Program will have its SOFT LAUNCHING next month (July 2012) and it will be held every Saturday. 

So I am inviting all PLHIV here in Iloilo City, they are very much welcome to join the PROGRAM.

For Questions and Inquiries send me a message @ jakepositive@gmail.com or text me at 09278230300 / 09323298893.

Once Again this is JaKe Positive. BE SAFE! +)


Facebook: www.facebook.com/jakepositive
E-mail: jakepositive@gmail.com
HELPLINE #'s: 09278230300 / 09323298893